There are about 20,000 Romani Americans (Roma) in Texas, out of a national population of about one million. Romani people, commonly known as Gypsies, have been in the Americas since 1498, when Columbus brought some on his third voyage to the West Indies. Their subsequent forced transportation brought most Gypsies across the Atlantic. To understand why Gypsies were shipped to the American colonies, it is necessary first of all to examine the circumstances of their presence in Europe.
Handbook of Texas Online, Ian F. Hancock, “ROMA [GYPSIES],” accessed July 27, 2018,http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/pxrfh. Uploaded on June 15, 2010.
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.